Nursing Care for Schizoaffective Disorder Singapore
Schizoaffective disorder occurs when there is a fusion of symptoms of schizophrenia plus a combination of manic or depressive symptoms. A person or a client with this disorders diagnosis may affect the quality and type of life. Thus, professional support is needed to treat the sign of this psychotic condition combined with mood disorder.
Symptoms, Causes, Risk FactorsMen and women having these mental symptoms have varying sign and symptoms and may include paranoia, having unkempt appearance, problems with job and socializing with people, delusions and hallucinations to name a few.
Causes for schizoaffec tive disorder can be due to multiple causations. Strong hereditary factors can play a role in this condition according to research. Moreover, a decrease or increase in certain brain chemicals may produce unwanted self behavioral symptoms to a patient. Lastly, age, abnormal growth and development of the brain may also play a role for this disorder.
Patients with the following mental problems are at risk for having schizo affective disorder. This includes schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
Nursing Care Plan for Schizoaffective DisorderA patient having this condition must be evaluated in a day medical center. Nurses in turn must also create and use a care plan suitable for either short or long term stay by the patient away from home. Usually, patients who need help in this aspect are placed in a psych e ward or psychiatric unit. In such manner, the doctor will order series of test to rule out drug or medication abuse, alcoholism to name a few. Mental health evaluation will also be done to make sure that the physician will arrive with an accurate diagnosis.
Once confirmed with such diagnosis, treatment will follow. The nurse can help the patient in taking several drugs such as antipsychotics like risperidone, olanzapine and haloperidol. Likewise, medications that have an effect in maintaining the happy-depressed cycle of bipolar disorder can also be given to such patients. Non-pharmacological means of treatment can also be a form of good news for the patient. Examples are counseling and family therapy.
ConclusionIt is quite stressful to take care of someone who has this new mental problem. As healthcare providers, we must help these patients cope until they are ready for discharge.
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