Nursing Care for Pulmonary Embolism Singapore

Nursing Care for Pulmonary Embolism Singapore

Overview

Pulmonary embolism is a medical condition that can lead to critical consequences in no time. However, prompt diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism can save the patient’s life. Nursing care for pulmonary embolism in Singapore plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition as well as its prevention.

A nurse well trained with the nuances of pulmonary embolism is the main healthcare personnel equipped to help prevent this condition. In fact, prevention of pulmonary embolism in the hospital is one of the top goals of every nursing care plan for sedentary and post-operative patients in Singapore.

What is pulmonary embolism?

Pulmonary embolism results from blocked pulmonary arteries. The pulmonary arteries transport blood from the right ventricle in the heart to the lungs. The lungs then provide the blood with much needed oxygen. Hence, a blocked pulmonary artery can do lots of damage if it isn’t detected on time. Such blockages occur due to free moving blood clots known as emboli that originate in the legs or other parts of the body and gradually travel through the circulatory system to get lodged in the pulmonary arteries. This blockage is known as a pulmonary embolism.

Generally, surgery particularly joint replacement surgeries, bed rest, heart diseases, and cancer are likely to cause pulmonary embolism. Additionally, excessive weight gain or use of supplemental oestrogen in birth control pills may also cause this condition. Hence, nursing care for pulmonary embolism in Singapore also includes the knowledge of its risk factors and causes.

How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?

Usually, a doctor or nurse may diagnose pulmonary embolism through its main clinical sign like breathlessness, chest pain, cough, blood stained sputum, clammy skin, or increased heart rate especially among the high risk patients. For a confirmed diagnosis, a clinic doctor is likely to ask for the D-dimer test that evaluates the clot dissolving factors in the patient’s blood expected to increase in pulmonary embolism to counter the emboli. Furthermore, an ultrasound, CT scan or MRI of the chest may also help locate and confirm the site of the emboli.

Nursing care for Pulmonary Embolism in Singapore

Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention to save the life of the patient. This condition often affects individuals admitted in the hospitals post-surgery or during longer durations of immobilisation. Hence, a nurse is more likely to notice the very first signs of pulmonary embolism as he/she is in direct contact with the patient. Hence, nursing care for pulmonary embolism in Singapore is an important aspect of the healthcare education and resources.

Here’s what nursing care for pulmonary embolism in Singapore entails:

• Assess the patient’s respiratory condition to look for complications like respiratory distress, etc.

• Help with clearing of airways and improved breathing techniques.

• Administration of anticoagulant drug and being vigilant regarding their related side-effects.

• Maintain the patient log meticulously.

• Map appropriate exercise and gene ral health care plans for the patient to follow at home after discharge.

• Study pulmonary embolism in Singapore in detail through news articles, online data, scientific review, and med ical books.

• Help with patient education regarding the disease and help them with their search for information on pulmonary embolism.

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