Nursing Care for Pain Singapore
Pain as they say is the fifth vital sign because it can also be the source of a major health issue or problem. Any extreme pain in a specific part of a body would warrant an emergency situation especially for older age men.
Classification and DurationSeveral classes of pain were developed for the past few years but the system by Clifford J. Woolf can be better understood. For him there are 3 classes which are nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain and pathological pain. In nociceptive pain, this involves the clinical pain of patients stemming from the stimulus from the nerve fibers. These nerve fibers can be found in the skin, bones, tendons, etc. Examples of these are bone fracture pain, wound cuts and sprain. In inflammatory pain, there is a damage of the tissues such as in heart attack in which there is damage in the heart muscles due to infarction. Lastly, pathological pain is an experience among patients who have health problems caused by damage to the nervous system. Examples are headache, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome to name a few.
Duration of pain can be classified either acute pain or chronic pain. In acute pain, patients find and report the pain to be short lived usually a month to less than 3 months. They can manage the pain easily because they can act immediately to resolve the site of pain. In the form of chronic pain, health care staffs usually see this to be a kind of pain that is occurring for more than 6 months up to a year.
Nursing Care Plan for PainThe search for appropriate pain management protocol or policy begins with the patient in the form of self-report or self-assessment. They must self assess and help themselves know and provide the degree and location of their pain. For the babies and paediatric kids, crying and facial grimace can be a form of assessment. Nurses must practice on how to extract information about the patient's pain. Once the main cause has been determined,, the nurs ing staff can help the patient and use the appropriate interventions. Depending on the severity, those with extreme pain are prioritized in the ER. For those with mild pain, ana lgesics can be given. For those with pathologic pain, the root cause must be determined. For those with cancer pain, a referral to a pain specialist is needed. Anti-pain drugs can be in a form of oral tablets, IV, or patches. Health education includes the side-effects of the medicine, what to watch out for, as well as the duration and dosage of the medicine.
ConclusionPain must be managed effectively to improve the quality of life whether at home or hospital. The nurse must be aware about the different causes of pain in order to help their patient. Web content, research and journal about the latest in pain management can be read in the internet. Some requires you to register and login in order to browse the page and email the author to clarify any issues.
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