Nursing Care for Osteoporosis Singapore
Osteoporosis is a medical condition in which the bone turns fragile or weak. This is common among older Asian women but this can also occur to men regardless of race. The fracture site usually occurs in the hip part and vertebrae. It happens due to loss of regeneration of bone tissues due to certain causes such as inadequate intake of calcium for example.
Symptoms, Causes, Risk FactorsLoss of bone form and strength does not immediately show during the earliest stage. However, once it progressed, several sign and symptoms may occur. These are pain in the spine, curving of the back or hunch back posture, shortening of height and easy breakage of bones or bone fractures.
The main cause of osteoporosis, in this article, is related to the inability of our bones to regenerate as we age. When we were younger, the rate of regeneration of our bones is skyrocket. However, this is the opposite as we age. But people who are more active in their youth and who gained a loss of bone mass will have a low risk of having this med ical condition.
Risk factors for this bone condition include sex (which is more rampant among older women), age ( more risk as we age), race ( Caucasian or Asian descent), genetics , and the body structure (smaller body structures). Moreover, people with hormonal imbalances and certain cancers also tend to acquire osteoporosis such as those with multiple myeloma. Certain drugs used by patients can act as a hindrance in the regeneration of our bones.
Nursing Care Plan for People with OsteoporosisThe nurse must prepare a patient suspected with osteoporosis. For the diagnostic procedure, a bone scan usually confirms the level of minerals inside our bones. The nurse must inform the patient that there will be no pain during the procedure. Once a post clinical diagnosis is confirmed, treatment and management can be initiated. Usually bisphosphonates are given to patients. Examples of these are Zoledronic Acid and Alendronate. Several side effects must be taught which includes stomach upset, dysphagia, and abdominal pain. The use of hormone therapy can also be considered and new forms of drugs can prevent long term bone loss for this condition. Health teaching among patients may include increase intake of dietary calcium such as milk, cheese as well as they can eat vegetables rich in Vitamin D. Calcium supplements can also help. Nurses must also share about the importance of smoking and alcohol cessation since this also contributes to bone loss. Lastly, prevention of falls is important, both in hospital and at home.
ConclusionNews and articles about o steoporosis are available online for more information. For first symptoms of this condition, a check-up to a spine specialist is important to prevent further bone loss. If with this condition, the patient must do lifestyle alteration and prevent further fractures.
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