Nursing Care for Myocardial Infarction Singapore

Nursing Care for Myocardial Infarction Singapore

Overview

Myocardial Infarction or heart attack is an acute coronary disease that requires prompt medical care. Myocardial Infarction in Singapore is the second most common cause of death after cancer. Heart attacks are typically characterized by pain in the chest although some patients may also experience atypical symptoms that may or may not include chest pain. Myocardial infarction and its related nursing and clinical care falls under the purview of Cardiac care. A cardiac nurse plays an important role in the management of myocardial infarct patients.

Myocardial Infarction in Singapore

Myocardial Infarction in Singapore and elsewhere results from an inadequate blood flow to the heart. In most cardiac patients, this results from a blockage in an artery supplying blood to the heart. Such blockages may sometimes occur in more than one artery too and are often a result of ruptured fat deposits or atheromatous plaques that may travel in the coronary circulation to block smaller arterial passages around the heart. The blocked blood supply then results in acute irreversible changes in the heart tissue that produce overt signs like chest pain, anxiety, restlessness, and vomiting. However, chest pain is not always the only sign of myocardial infarctions although it is pretty common among heart patients having an heart attack. Some patients may also experience radiating pain in an uncommon site like the neck, jaw, or shoulder. Access to appropriate treatment plans and nursing care, involving the use of lifesaving med icines like thrombolytics reduces patient discomfort as well as the risks of infarct related disabilities and complications.

The incidence of myocardial infarcts rises with age, particularly post early middle age when the risk of death from myocardial infarcts also increases greatly. In Singapore, men have a two times higher risk of developing myocardial infarcts as compared to women. The new myocardial infarction management plans include immediate hospital-based treatment followed by home based nursing and rehabilitation support.

Nursing care for myocardial infarction in Singapore

Most patients are in search of answers to their health troubles including those with myocardial infarcts, it is the job of a cardiac nurse to help them with their queries in addition to the main responsibilities of managing their treatment. A cardiac nurse provides nursing care to help with diagnosis, clinical assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, and management of the patient log. Cardiac nurses in Singapore are expected to be able to view and read the investigations content such as stress tests, ECGs, and other blood tests. Nursing care for myocardial infarction in Singapore involves direct contact with the patients and their relatives. The concerned nurses should also update their knowledge constantly through research materials and academic article, and share this with their patients. Cardiac nursing also includes post-discharge rehabilitation care at home and regular monitoring of the patients condition through follow-ups without skip at the hospital.

Cardiac Care Nursing education in Singapore

Myocardial infarction nursing care in Singapore is highly specialized and ethical thanks to a strong nursing education system. There are several post-graduate class, diploma, and certificate courses accredited by the Singapore Nursing Board that registered nurses can pursue to practice as cardiac nurses.

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