Nursing Care for Dyshagia Singapore
Dysphagia is defined as difficulty of swallowing. There may be several reasons for this kind of experience among patients. Sometimes it's due to pain while other causes can be due to neurological damages such as during episodes of stroke. It occurs commonly to all of us especially when we do not chew or eat our food properly. But beyond the persistent pain, there is a reason behind it.
Symptoms, Causes, Risk FactorsSeveral sign and symptoms of this condition include having difficulty and pain to swallow, hoarseness of voice, and evidence of weight loss (due to decrease intake of food). Another thing is regurgitation of acid which leads to heart burn. There is also the phase in which there is a feeling of something stuck in the throat part.
A review of medical and online articles suggests that there is a complex cause of act related to this condition. For the dysphagia of the esophagus, several factors can be drawn such as GERD or acid reflux in which the acid regurgitates up to the throat causing pain and scarring. Tumors can also narrow the esophageal site. Another issue is due to radiation therapy which is a common intervention among those patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. Lastly, neurological disorders and damage may affect the current oral and swallowing capabilities of the patient because this is connected to the vagus nerve.
Risk factors for dysphagia include old age which naturally wears off the eoophageal lining. Moreover, other conditions related to old age that usually occur (stroke and Parkinson's disease) may result in dysphagia.
Nursing Care for Patient with DysphagiaA nurse caring for a patient with dysphagia must carefully implement and use nursing care plan to result in one of their best care and management. The first step is to practice assessment. The nurse should check and review for swallowing capabilities by asking the patient to swallow. The nurse must also feel the throat and see the movement of the throat. If normal, the nurse should log this in her chart. Nurses should also coordinate with the doctor or dietician for the best diet for this kind of people. Usually, they will start with clear liquid vol diet. And will progress to full diet until there is no difficulty in swallowing. Nurses can also teach the relatives to cut the food into partitions .These interventions can also be implemented once the patient is at home. For medical causes, medications can be given.
ConclusionHealth relies on the food and its nutrition that we eat. Thus our stomach must have access to food that is full of nutrients. Several news, archive, resources and journal data from medical author can provide us with additional information.
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