Nursing Care for Dizziness Singapore
Dizziness affects all people , men and women, of all ages in their lifetime. There is another medical term for dizziness which is vertigo or BPPV (benign paroxysmal position al vertigo), a medical diagnosis in which a patient common experiences a spinning sensation inside their head which can be accompanied by nausea or vomiting which can be a sign of it. Acute symptoms to patients get usually are unable to sit and balance themselves. There are few causes and conditions for vertigo which will be discussed in this article. Excellent nursing care plan must be done in order to prevent risk for injury for patients having this condition inside hospital premises.
CausesVertigo can be caused by several factors. It can be a cause of certain drug or medicines that people use which has a side-effect on them. These include anti-hypertensive medicines as well as aspirin. Another things are medicines that may damage the inner ear because mainly, BPPV or vertigo is often related to inner ear dilemmas. A condition called Meniere’s disease can cause vertigo to people having this medical condition. Meniere’s disease involves a problem in our inner ear, in which there is an accumulation of fluid and pressure inside. It may also cause hearing loss and sensations of ringing or tinnitus. Another problem is vestibular neuritis which causes inflammation and infection to the inner ear. Other causes may include injury to our brain (such as stroke) or it can also be neck and head trauma which can happen during accidents.
Nursing InterventionsProper heart assessment and history-taking must be done to all patients experiencing dizziness. The nurse should take vital signs because this can be also a sign of low or high-blood pressure. However, lightheadedness is different from dizziness so explain the difference to the patients. During times of vertigo attack, the nurse must inform the patient to lie down and not to move so as not to accumulate injuries or pain. Place the patient in bed and raise the side rails for safety. Give medicines as ordered to stop the vertigo. The nurse can also prepare the patient for diagnostic exams such as CT-scan to differentiate it from other medical diagnosis. Lastly, health education must always be a part of the plan so as to share the new information, post news and changes that must be done either at home or in the hospital to help the patient.
ConclusionVertigo is not a life-threatening condition but patients are at greatest risk for injury. In view of this, they must be evaluated for their clinical condition which can be related to some illnesses or find new problems.
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