Nursing Care for Craniotomy Singapore
Craniotomy came from the words cranium (which means skull) and otomy (meaning to cut into a part). Thus, this procedure is a surgical process to cut into a part of the skull and remove it for the neurosurgeon to see, study and look inside the brain. This type of surgery requires special tools for the neuro doctor to use. This type of procedure is usually related to life-threatening conditions such as stroke (impaired cerebral or brain flow) and trauma or damage to the head.
Reasons for CraniotomyVarious brain procedures and health conditions require opening of the skull. It can be used in diagnosis or confirming certain medical issues such as brain tumors. Brain tissue can also be extracted for biopsy assessment for certain patients. The surgeon can also plan and use this procedure to help the patient remove the hematoma or blood content that formed during the stroke or any trauma to the head. Draining infected pus can also be done to this kind of procedure in order to prevent infection and sepsis.
Risks of CraniotomyThere are several risks for craniotomy which is very critical during procedure. The patient and the physician must agree on all the risk of the procedure. Consent must be signed by the p ati ent and relatives. The nurse must check on this as well. The risks include swelling of the brain, bleeding, ear infection, weakness, paralysis and comatose to name a few, can happen to both men and women.
Nursing Care for CraniotomyThe nurse or student nurse must make take part in the care of a patient for craniotomy by creating a nursing care plan cat that is suitable for the patient. The nurse must first prepare the patient for the procedure and make sure that the patient is ready and cleared from the procedure. During the procedure, the operating room nurse (OR) will assist the doctor before, during and after the procedure until the patient is transferred to the ward or unit. In the ward, the nur se must check for the vital sign and make sure that it is all stable before receiving the patient. The nurse must also check the site of craniotomy to make sure there's no bleeding or CSF leaking. Pain management must also be done so as to prevent disturbed and ineffective coping after the procedure. The patient is ready to go home once he or she is cleared from the main attending physician.
ConclusionThe need for a craniotomy should be upon the discretion of the neurosurgeon. The nurse on the other hand must do his or her best to take care of the post operative patient. One can read and search about this procedure in google online. The pages of facebook ads and blog are also available to share the free articles about craniotomy.
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