Nursing Care for Constipation Singapore
According to sources, constipation is defined as having not more than 3 bowel movements per week. It is also a condition in which there is difficulty passage of stool which occurs for weeks already. A normal elimination pattern or defecation is usually daily without any force needed or without effort or difficulty.
Other names for constipation are costiveness or dyschezia. Constipation can be due to many factors. It is a very common symptom around the world.
Causes of ConstipationConstipation can be attributed to various related abdominal conditions and sign. The first one is primary constipation which is not attributed to a specific cause. It can be due to medication or drug side-effect. Next is diet. If a patient consumes or eat food with less fiber and less fluid intake, then constipation will surely developed. Another case is due to endocrine problems as well as metabolism problems. Examples of are diabetes, celiac disease, hypothyroidism, and cystic fibrosis. Moreover, structural abnormalities also make it difficult to have the stool pass properly. Examples are Parkinson's disease, Hirschsprung's disease, anal fissures to name a few. Colon cancer can also block the passage of stool. Lastly, psychological factors can also cause constipation. Fear of defecating in public restrooms, and fear of pain are prime examples and thus this will have a clinical effect.
Nursing Care Plan for Patients with ConstipationThe nurse must create a nursing care plan that will help patient or patients improve their bowel movement and overall health. But before that, the physician must create an accurate medical diagnosis for proper intervention and treatment. The client must undergo test such as an x-ray, ultrasound and ct-scan to determine the cause of constipation. Colonoscopy can also be done to determine if there is a blockage in any part of the colon. Once determined, the nurse can carry out the interventions program. Depending on the root cause, the physician will determine the right kind of treat ment for the patient. Laxatives can be provided for immediate results. If there is an objection, an increase in the exercise, water in take, and high fiber diet, is sufficient to restore the natural movement of bowel and to soften the hard stools. If not, manual evacuation can be use in the hospital.
ConclusionAt the end of the day, it is very pertinent for us to expel the toxins in our body which is the main culprit of some of the diseases around us. Resources and news are available in the internet. Everyone can access this at home.
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