Nursing Care for Conjunctivitis Singapore

Nursing Care for Conjunctivitis Singapore

Overview

Conjunctivitis or pink eye or red eye is a condition in which there is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. Conjunctiva is a part of the eyes that is located inside the upper and lower eyelids. It can be caused by several factors which will be discussed in this article. Pink eye is highly contagious and can be transferred immediately to anyone. Frequent handwashing is advised to patients and relatives who are in frequent contact with each other.

Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors

Several sign and symptoms can be seen with patients with pink eye. These includes redness of the eyes, itching which is common and crust like discharge that blocks the eyes from opening upon waking up in the morning.

Inflammation of the eyes can be related to allergic reactions, viruses, or bacteria that may infect the eyes. Allergic reactions to a drug or food may cause redness or inflammation. Post Infection may be usually due to touching a dirty object and rubbing it to the eyes. Chemical irritation or trauma to the eyes may cause reddening and inflammation.

Main risk factors for this eye problem may include allergens if a patient is allergic to such certain drug or food. Another thing is having a form of light contact with someone who has a new viral or bacterial conjunctivitis, which is highly contagious. Lastly, by using a contact lens, it may also cause inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Nursing Care Plan for Conjunctivitis

Usually, conjunctivitis is a self-limiting medical condition. In the clinic, the doctor can confirm the diagnosis by the subjective look of the eye based on the information and data presented by the patient. Management of this condition will depend on the causative factor. If it's a pink eye caused by bacteria, the doctor can give eye drops. The nurse can teach the patient on how to properly use the eye drops. If it's caused by a virus, anti-viral drugs can be prescribed. If not treated, might lead to other complication like ear infection. Lastly, if it's due to allergies, the patient can take antihistamines, steroids or decongestants to reduce the inflammation and pain. The pro nurse must share a health teaching about proper sanitation and hand washing to prevent the condition from spreading.

Conclusion

Conjunctivitis can spread quickly at home or in the workplace mostly during summer. Thus, one must not skip handwashing and see to it that they always protect their eyes outside by wearing sunglasses. This disease or condition can be prevented. For more info, you can search about the condition which can help you prevent it.

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