Nursing Care for CerebroVascular Accident Singapore
Cerebrovascular Accident aka CVA or commonly known as stroke or cerebral brain attack. It as an emergency situation since there is a sudden interruption of blood flow into the brain due to a blockage or hemorrhage. There are several warning signs of stroke which is important to be recognized by all. If recognized at an early stage, the chances to retain brain and body function are high among patients.
Symptoms, Causes and Risk FactorsThe main sign and medical symptoms related to CVA or stroke can be summarized and can be understood easily. The first one is disorientation meaning the patient cannot recall or does not know or not sure what he or she is doing. Next is weakness on one side of the body or one side of the face in which facial drooping is evident. Next is headache that is very painful which may lead to dizziness or vomiting.
Causes of this disease can be due to the following. According to data, there are three causes. The first one is ischemic stroke in which there is narrowing or blocking of arteries in our brain. The next one is hemorrhagic stroke (most fatal type) in which our vessel rupture which can be due to high blood pressure, aneurysms and use of anticoagulants. Finally, there is TIA or transient ischemic attack in which there is a temporary loss of consciousness for around 5 minutes or less. This is due to temporary disruption of blood flow in the brain.
Population at risk for stroke are those with high blood pressure, heart problems, history or use of drug abuse, older age more than 55 years old and race (usually African-Americans).
Nursing Care for Patients with StrokeThe nursing staff must address all the health needs of a stroke patient from admission to discharge to home. An excellent nursing care plan must be implemented all throughout. From admission, the nurse must quickly assess the patient and prepare for diagnostic procedures or exams such as CT-Scan or MRI with contrast. If the bleeding is massive, the patient can be referred to a neurosurgeon for intervention. If it is manageable by drugs, the neurologist can do the management and treatment. The patient is usually placed in ICU for monitoring. If all is well, nurses can now do the plans for discharge. Besides health education about healthy lifestyle, the nurse can also help the patient by referring the patient to rehabilitation medicine per doctor's order.
ConclusionStroke is very common around the globe. For more information about the disease, news and scribd resources are available in the web through the use of search engines such as google or social media such as facebook. Readers can search and view the information, ads and use or share the information to their loved ones.
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